How, when and how to feed raspberries in spring for a good harvest
To grow a good harvest of raspberries, it is important to observe agricultural techniques and care rules: water the bushes, loosen the soil, cut off the shoots. Also, gardeners do not forget about spring feeding. Let us consider in detail how to feed raspberries in spring and what is needed for this.
The content of the article
- The goals of spring feeding raspberries
- When to feed in spring
- How to feed raspberries in spring
- Choosing a top dressing for a good harvest
- How to properly feed
- Spring feeding raspberries when planting
The goals of spring feeding raspberries
With the arrival of spring, raspberries wake up - the growth of young shoots, the root system is activated... After winter, the plant is weakened, and to give it strength for development, gardeners arrange spring feeding. They introduce organic and mineral fertilizers that strengthen the immunity of raspberries.
Another purpose of spring feeding is to protect against diseases and pests. To avoid the appearance of a raspberry, moth, aphids, gardeners spray berry bushes with protective chemical, biological, folk remedies.
When to feed in spring
When to feed garden raspberries? It is recommended to do this after all the snow has melted. The timing of top dressing depends on the region. In the south of the country it is about mid-April, in the middle lane and in the northern regions - the beginning of May.
The best time to feed is after rain. Moisture serves as a conductor of nutrients; the more it is, the better vitamins and minerals will be absorbed. If the spring is dry, the shrubs are watered abundantly with warm water before fertilization. It is recommended to do this in the morning or evening when there is no sun.
If a raspberries are grown on low-fertile soils, in the spring, fertilizers are applied twice: in April and two weeks after the first feeding. On fertile lands, they are limited to one top dressing. A proven method helps to determine the readiness of the earth: a stick is stuck into the ground. If she enters without problems and stands straight, then the ground has thawed. If not, it is recommended to wait another 2-3 days and repeat the procedure.
How to feed raspberries in spring
In the spring, raspberries need organic and mineral fertilizing. The main thing is to correctly determine the dosage so that the plant does not receive an excess of vitamins and nutrients. Consider popular fertilizers for feeding raspberries in the spring.
In the spring, the raspberry plant is fertilized with slurry or mullein, diluted with water to a liquid state. Organics stimulate the development of greenery and give the roots the missing elements. If there is no mullein, summer residents add bird droppings or peat.
It is important to observe the dosage and methods of application:
- chicken droppings are dissolved in water and the bush is poured with liquid, about 5 liters are spent on one bush;
- slurry or compost is applied at the root, per 1 sq. m takes 4-6 liters;
- to prepare the mullein solution, 10 liters of water and 1 mullein shovel are used.
When introducing organic matter, they try not to get on the trunk so as not to provoke burns. After the procedure, mulching is carried out in order to preserve the effect of fertilization longer. Raspberries are sprinkled with straw chips or cut grass. When decomposing, mulch serves as an additional organic feeding.
Mineral fertilizers are responsible for the development of berries, the taste of raspberries and their appearance depend on them. Spring plant needs nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. They are introduced into the soil before bud break, in April or May.
It is recommended to pay special attention to nitrogen.It forms a leaf mass, protects against diseases and pests, increases the fruiting period of raspberries. Urea (carbamide) is used for processing, a working solution is prepared from 10 liters of water and 20 g of fertilizer. The bush is watered at the root, after which the earth is sprinkled with limestone, since the solution oxidizes the soil (500 g per 1 liter of water). If limestone is not on hand, gardeners use dry wood ash.
It has a beneficial effect on raspberries and superphosphate - a nitrogen-phosphorus complex. Fertilizer normalizes plant metabolism, inhibits aging, improves taste. For spring feeding, a concentrate is prepared - 350 g of fertilizer is poured into 3 liters of boiling water. After dissolving the granules, the concentrate is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. The solution is introduced 1-2 times in the spring, depending on the condition of the soil. Before applying top dressing, the soil is loosened.
Attention! A simple and effective mineral top dressing is wood ash. It improves soil structure and stimulates flowering. A glass of ash is diluted in 10 liters of water, stirred and infused for a week. One bush takes 2-3 liters of solution.
Finished purchased fertilizers
Purchased fertilizers are convenient to use, summer residents do not waste time mixing different elements, it is enough just to buy a ready-made composition.
For spring feeding, use the Zdraven Turbo complex.It is suitable for root and foliar feeding and comes in a convenient liquid form. The drug is appreciated for its rich mineral composition (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, manganese, copper, zinc, cobalt) and the absence of chlorine, which reduces the immunity of raspberries. To prepare a working solution, use 10 l of water and 15 g of the substance. For 1 sq. m requires 7-10 liters. Also use "Zdraven Turbo" for foliar dressing: 10 g of the substance is diluted in 10 liters of water and sprayed with raspberries.
The ready-made fertilizer "Gumi-Omi" is also popular. It contains nitrogen, phosphorus, boron, copper, sodium humates, organic matter. The granules are dissolved in water, the resulting composition is watered with raspberries 1-2 times in the spring.
They buy Gumi-Omi and Zdraven Turbo in specialized shops for the garden and vegetable garden. Also gardeners use ready-made products - "Humat + 7 Iodine", "Krepysh", "Berry bushes".
Folk recipes for feeding raspberries are the most affordable. Summer residents use potato peelings: pour boiling water over them, leave them for 2-3 days and water the plants with the resulting solution. It is safe, free and easy to prepare. Potato peelings are used both in dried and rotted form.
Yeast fertilizers help to increase disease resistance and develop the root system. To prepare dry dressing, 10 g of yeast, 100 g of sugar and 10 liters of warm water are required. The solution is infused for two hours and diluted with water in a 1: 5 ratio. Water the raspberry on a warm day, preferably in the evening, so that the soil warms up. The solution is used immediately after preparation, it is not suitable for storage.
Another effective folk remedy recipe - onion solution... Add 50 g of onion husks to 10 liters of water. Insist 14 days and water the bushes. The solution nourishes raspberries with potassium, protects against diseases and insect pests.
Choosing a top dressing for a good harvest
To get a good harvest, it is recommended to fertilize raspberries with complex fertilizers.
Cooking requires 10 liters of water, 2 liters of diluted mullein, a matchbox of urea. The components are mixed together and water the raspberry. Fertilizer replenishes the lack of nutrients and prepares the plant for flowering. Also, such a composition is used for spraying - it protects the bushes from insects. When cooking, it is important to observe the proportions, otherwise the raspberries will receive severe burns.
How to feed before flowering
Before flowering, raspberries can be fed with ammonium nitrate. 10 l of water requires 30-40 g of the substance. After fertilization, the raspberry tree trunk is mulched with compost or humus.
Compost enriches the soil, contains potassium, humus, phosphorus, iron and nitrogen. It is easy to make a compost mass; for this, fruit and vegetable peelings, manure, straw, hay, shavings, wood and leaves are mixed.
Attention! When adding any organic and mineral components, it is important to remember their compatibility. For example, sodium, calcium and ammonium nitrate are not compatible with powdered superphosphate. And calcium nitrate does not get along well with compounds that contain sulfur.
How to properly feed
Before applying top dressing, it is recommended to put things in order in the beds: remove and burn garbage, weeds, the remains of last year's plants. Shrubs cut off, remove old and dry branches, leave healthy and young green shoots. Summer residents also remove shoots and dry leaves. Before and after fertilization, the soil is loosened - the procedure improves the air and moisture permeability of the soil.
Gardeners regularly examine raspberries. If yellow spots appear on the leaves, this signals a lack of potassium; dry branches - about a lack of nitrogen or phosphorus. Top dressing is applied to wet soil. If it is a root fertilizer, water the plant under the root or in the near-stem circle. If foliar - spray and spray at a distance of 20-30 cm from the bush.
Spring feeding raspberries when planting
Raspberries are planted in early May. They dig up the earth, add manure or compost. Also, for the first feeding, folk remedies or an ash solution are used.
After 2-3 weeks, foliar fertilizers are also used: the seedlings are sprayed with protective agents. For example, a solution of ammonia: 10 liters of water requires 30-40 g of the finished substance. The solution is stirred, about 2 liters are poured under one plant. The product protects raspberries from aphids, sawflies, moths, bears. Complex fertilizers are applied only 1-2 months after landing.
Than process and fertilize raspberries in the spring? For early processing, organic and folk remedies are chosen: infusion of onion peels or potato peelings, infusion of mullein or chicken droppings. Of the later mineral and complex fertilizers, they prefer "Zdraven Turbo", "Krepysh", urea, ammonium nitrate.
Fertilizers are applied after the snow melts and the air temperature warms up to + 10 ° C. Before feeding, plants are watered abundantly - moisture promotes better absorption of nutrients. It is also recommended to loosen the soil, and after fertilization, mulch the bushes. Hay, grass, sawdust, fallen leaves are used as mulch.